Cong is an important and mysterious ritual vessel in ancient Chinese jade, and it is also a symbol of authority. As far as its shape is concerned, it is a hollow tube with inner circle and outer side, which was first seen in various cultures, and has two different shapes: long body and short body. There are many discussions and controversies about the functions and uses of cong in academic circles. "Zhou Li": "Jade is used as the six instruments, and heaven and earth are honored: heaven is honored with Cang Bi, land is honored with Huang Cong, east is honored with Qing Gui, south is honored with Chi Zhang, west is honored with Bai Hu, and north is honored with Xuan Huang." "Shuowen": "Cong, Ruiyu, big eight inches, like a car button." Because the inner circle is like the sky and the outer circle is like the earth, it means that the earth is thick and carries the sky. Ancient Confucian scholars think that Cong is the precious jade in the ritual place, and can't be credited. There are many conjectures about the functions of Cong, such as car buttons, astronomical instruments and props used by ancient witches to transport heaven and earth.
Jade Cong, one of the Six Ruins of Jade, is an important jade ritual vessel in ancient China, which is often used for sacrifice. In the middle and late Neolithic Age, it appeared in Liangzhu culture, Shixia culture in Guangdong and Taosi culture in Shanxi, especially in Liangzhu culture, with a large number of unearthed and handed down. As a typical implement of Liangzhu culture, Liangzhu Yucong has been sought after by jade lovers since ancient times because of its exquisite ornamentation, important historical value and great artistic charm.
This piece of jade cong is made of white jade, with flat bottom. The jade material is hard and compact, with chicken bone white directly above it, and the rest is ancient yellow due to long-term soil infection. The body is a square cylinder in appearance, with a round hole drilled in the center, longitudinal grooves carved in the middle of four sides, equidistant transverse grooves carved on concave surfaces on both sides of the longitudinal groove, and the body is divided into four sections, each of which takes the four corners as the central axis, with crescent-shaped protrusions around it. Jade Cong is a cylindrical jade article with inner circle and outer side, which is one of the important ritual vessels in ancient China. The earliest jade cong was found in the third period of Xuejiagang culture in Qianshan, Anhui Province, about 5,100 years ago. However, since the jade cong of Liangzhu culture was unearthed, according to its shape and decorative features, it is speculated that it is a kind of instrument for wizards to worship ghosts and gods through heaven and earth, with strong primitive witchcraft color.
According to the investigation, the most conservative time of this piece of jade cong is estimated to be during the war with Han. Excellent materials, unique shapes and exquisite carving techniques are rare treasures. This kind of ancient jade cong has a high transaction record in the previous major auction houses! Has a high collection and investment value!